Skip to main menu Skip to main content Skip to footer

Female Incontinence

Understanding Female Incontinence and Treatment Options

Urinary incontinence, or the involuntary leakage of urine, is a common condition affecting millions of women. Nearly 50% of women will experience some form of incontinence during their lifetime. The prevalence increases with age, with 1 in 3 women dealing with it by age 60. It can negatively impact quality of life and lead to social isolation. The good news is that various effective treatment options are available.

Types of Urinary Incontinence in Women

There are three main types of urinary incontinence:

Stress Incontinence

This occurs when physical pressures on the bladder lead to leakage. Coughing, sneezing, laughing, or exercise can cause urine to leak. Weakened pelvic floor muscles that support the bladder and urethra lead to stress incontinence.

Urge Incontinence

Also called overactive bladder, this involves a sudden, intense urge to urinate followed by bladder contractions and urine leakage. It often occurs due to abnormal bladder contractions.

Mixed Incontinence

Many women experience a combination of stress and urge incontinence called mixed incontinence. Treatments can target both components.

What Causes Urinary Incontinence?

Several factors can contribute to developing incontinence:

Pelvic floor weakness is the main culprit in stress incontinence.

Lifestyle Changes and Coping Strategies

Simple lifestyle tweaks can help manage or improve mild incontinence:


Drugs that calm bladder contractions can treat urge incontinence. Topical vaginal estrogen and some oral medications may also help some women.

Medical Devices

Plastic devices inserted in the vagina to support pelvic structures.

Disposable devices placed in the urethra to prevent leakage.

Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy

Visiting a pelvic floor physical therapist can provide specialized care:

  • Evaluation of pelvic floor muscles
  • Customized exercise regimens
  • Biofeedback to ensure proper technique
  • Electrical stimulation to strengthen muscles


When other measures fail, surgery can provide a more permanent solution:

  • Sling procedures using mesh to support the urethra
  • Injecting bulking agents to tighten urethral tissues
  • Neuromodulation to alter nerve signals to the bladder

Seeking Treatment for Urinary Incontinence

Don’t suffer in silence. Seek evaluation from a doctor like a urologist or gynecologist. Various effective options can help manage or even cure incontinence and restore your confidence and quality of life.

Map Pin Icon
Find Your Location
Calendar and Clock Icon
Schedule An Appointment
Key and Lock Icon
Patient Portal
Cloud Icon
Download Forms