Male infertility is when a man has difficulty conceiving a child after a year of regular unprotected sex. It’s a common issue that affects millions of couples. The good news is that there are many causes of male infertility that can be identified and treated.
There are several potential causes of male infertility. The main categories include:
To identify the cause of infertility, doctors will order a series of tests. A semen analysis is usually the first test, where a sample of semen is examined under a microscope. This provides information about sperm count, shape, and ability to move properly.
Doctors may also order blood tests to check hormone levels. Testosterone and other hormones play critical roles in sperm production, so low levels can indicate an issue. Imaging tests like ultrasounds or MRIs allow doctors to visualize the reproductive tract and look for any structural problems or blockages. In some cases, genetic testing is done to uncover any chromosomal issues that may be impacting fertility.
Treatment depends on the specific cause uncovered during diagnostic tests. Options can include:
Being diagnosed with infertility can take an emotional toll. Supportive options include:
The good news is male infertility is often treatable through a combination of medications, surgery, assisted reproductive techniques, and lifestyle changes. Work closely with your urologist and fertility specialist to find the optimal treatment plan.