Testicular Cancer in Sioux City, IA
What Is Testicular Cancer?
Testicular cancer develops in the testicles (testes), the male reproductive glands. The testicles are located in the membranous pouch below the penis (scrotum) and are suspended from the body by the spermatic cord. They produce male reproductive cells (sperm) and testosterone. Testicular cancer is treated successfully in more than 95% of cases.
Since 1957, the board-certified urologists in Sioux City have provided patients in North Sioux City with the best in urologic care and technology. We understand that experiencing cancer of any kind can be overwhelming. That is why we make it our mission to offer the most current technology and treatment along with the best patient care possible. For more information, contact our office at (605) 217-7000 and schedule an appointment today!
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Anatomy of the Testicles
The testicles are primarily made up of a mass of seminiferous tubules in which sperm develop. The tubules are lined with Sertoli cells, which protect and supply nutrients to developing sperm. Sertoli cells also secrete the hormone inhibin, which is involved in the regulation of sperm production.
Leydig cells, located in tissue between the seminiferous tubules, secrete testosterone and androsterone. These hormones stimulate the development of male sex organs, beard growth, muscle mass, and deepening of the voice.
How is Testicular Cancer Treated?
Testicular cancer is typically treated with a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy, depending on the stage of cancer and other factors such as the patient’s age and overall health.
Surgery is usually the first line of treatment for testicular cancer, and typically involves the removal of the affected testicle (orchiectomy). If the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes, these may also be removed.
Radiation therapy may be used after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells, or as the primary treatment if the cancer is in an early stage and has not spread.
Chemotherapy is often used if the cancer has spread beyond the testicles, or if there is a high risk of recurrence. Chemotherapy drugs can be given orally or through intravenous infusion.
In some cases, a combination of these treatments may be used to achieve the best possible outcome. It’s important to note that treatment plans are highly individualized and will depend on a variety of factors specific to each patient’s case.
Incidence and Prevalence of Testicular Cancer
Incidence of testicular cancer is rising. According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 9910 cases are diagnosed and about 460 men die of the disease each year in the United States. The disease is most prevalent in men between the ages of 18 and 32 and is approximately 5 times more common in Caucasians than African Americans. Germany, Scandinavia, and New Zealand have the highest incidence of testicular cancer and Asia and Africa have the lowest.
Learn how to do Self Screening for Testicular Cancer
Schedule a Testicular Cancer Consultation
If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of testicular cancer or has been recently diagnosed, it is important to take action and seek medical attention right away. Call our urology clinic in Sioux City at (605) 217-7000